TNPSC Group 4 Geography Notes 5


  • The First Train India Run from Mumbai to Thane in 1853, Distance 34 KM.
  • Royapuram station was inaugurated on 28 June 1856 by the then Governor Lord Harris and the railway line was opened for traffic on 1 July 1856.
  • The first train, Manufactured by Simpson and Company, Started its journey with 300 people from Royapuram to Wallajabad.
  • In 1947, 42 Rail System Managed by 37 Rail Company.
  • In 1951 One Unit "The Indian Railways".
  • Indian Railways Head Quarter is New Delhi.
  • Indian Railways Breadth and Length of the Country over 63,273 Kilometer and 7,025 Stations.
  • Indian Railways help in traveling 20 Million People and more than 2 Million tonnes of freight Daily.
  • Indian Railways Networks runs Multi-guage are 1. Broad Guage (1.676 mts)
  • 2. Meter Guage (1.00 mts) 3. Narrow Gauge (0.672 mts)
  • Indian Railways Fastest Train Bhobal Shatabdi in India.It run at a Speed 150 km/hr (93 mph). Between Bhobal Junction to New Delhi (705KMs)
  • MRTS- Mass Rapid Transit System ; MRTS is Sub Urban Railways in Chennai,
  • Indian Railways Second Largest in Asia.
  • Indian Railways is 8th Largest Employer in the World.
  • Indian Railways is Fifteenth (15th ) Largest in the World.
  • The Dibrugarh - Kanyakumari Vivek Express (Weekly train) is the Longest Route on the Indian Railway Network. It Covers a distance of 4,286 kilometers (2,663mi) and across seven states in India. Running Time is 82.30 hours and 57 Halt across the Route.
  • India’s Longest Railway Platform is Gorakpur Railway Station, Uttrapradesh.
    (1.35 kilometers - 0.84 miles)

  • Asia’s Largest Tunnel is 6.5 km in Kongan Railway Project

INDIAN RAILWAYS PRODUCTION UNITS
Sl.
No.
Production Unit
Year of Established
Place
1
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works
26th January 1950 
Chittaranjan, West Bengal
2
Diesel Locomotive Works
23rd April 1956
Varanasi, Uttra Pradesh
3
Integral Coach Factory
1955 (Swiss Collaboration)
Perambur,Chennai
4
Rail Coach Facatory
1986
Kapurthala, Punjab
5
Rail wheel Factory
1984
Yelahanka, Bangalore
6
Diesel Loco Modernisation Works
24th October 1981
Patiala,Punjab

INDIAN RAILWAYS 17 ZONES
Sl.
No
Name of the Zone
Year of
Established
Head Quarters
Route
KM
Divisions
1
Southern Railway 14th April 1951 Chennai 5098
1.Chennai
2.Madurai
3. Tiruchi
4.Salem
5.Palakkad
6.Thiruvanatha-
puram
2
Central Railway 5thNovember 1951 Mumbai 3905
1.Bhusawal
2.Puna
3..Mumbai CST
4.Nagpur
5.Solapur
3
Western Railway 5thNovember 1951 Mumbai 6182
1.Ahmadabad
2.Bhavnagar
3.Mumbai Central
4..Rajkot
5.Ratlam
6.Vodadara
4
Eastern Railway 14thApril 1952 Kolkatta 2414
1.Asansol
2.Howrah
3.Malda Town
4.Sealdah
5
Northern Railway 14thApril 1952 New Delhi 6968
1. Ambala
2.Firozpur
3.Lucknow
4.Moradabad
5.Delhi
6
North Eastern Railway 14thApril 1952 Gorakpur 3667
1.Izzatnagar
2.Lucknow
3.Varnasi
7
South Eastern Railway 1955 Kolkata 2631
1.Adra
2.Chakradharpur
3.Kharagpur
4.Ranchi
8
North Eastern Frontier Railway 15thJanuary 1958
Maligaon
(Guwahati)
3907
1.Alipurduar
2.Katiha
3.Lumding
4.Rangia
5.Tinsukia
9
South Central Railway 2ndOctober 1966 Secondrabad 5951
1.Guntakal
2.Guntur
3.Hydrabad
4.Nanded
5.Secondrabad
6.Vijayawada
10
Kongan Railway Corporation 19thJuly 1990 Navi Mumbai 741
1.Goa
2.Verna
11
East Central Railway 1st October 2002 Patna-Hajipur 3628
1.Dhanbad
2.Danapur
3.Mughalsarai
4.Samastipur
5.Sonapur
12
North Western Railway 1st October 2002 Jaipur 5459
1.Ajmer
2.Bikaner
3.Jaipur
4.Jodhpur
13
East Coast Railway 1st April 2003 Bhuvaneshwar 2677
1.Khurda Road
2.Sambalpur
3.Visakapattinam
14
North Central Railway 1st April 2003 Allagabad 3151
1.Agra
2. Allagabad
3.Jhansi
15
South East Central Railway 1st April 2003 Bilaspur 2447
1.Bilaspur
2.Raipur
3.Nagpur
16
South Western Railway 1stApril 2003 Hubli 3177
1.Bangalore
2.Gulbarga
3.Hubli
4.Mysore
17
West Central Railway 1stApril 2003 Jabalpur 2965
1.Bhopal
2.Jabalpur
3.Kota


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