Tnpsc Group 4 Geography Notes 10


    • Indian Road Network is the Second Longest in the World
    • Roads Classified 1. Village Roads 2.District Roads 3. State Highway 4. National Highways 5.Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways 6.Expressways 7.Border Roads
      8.International Highways
    • State Highways Construct and Maintained by State Public Works Department (SPWD)
    • National Highways Maintain by Central Public Works Department (CPWD)
    • Longest National Highways in India NH 7(or) NH44, Varanasi to Kaniyakumari (2369 KM)
    • Shortest National Highways in India NH 47 A,Ernakulam to Kochi (5.9 KM)
    • Pan American Highways is the World First Longest Highway (48,000 KM)
    • Highway 1, Australia is the World Second Longest Highway (14,500 KM)
    • NHAINational Highways Authority of India.
    • NHAI Operationalised in February 1995.
    • NHAI is a Autonomous Body, and Ministry of Road Transport
    • BRO - Border Road Organisation
    • BRO – Established in May 1960
    • Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Numbering system of National Highways Road in 28th April 2010
    • Koyambedu Bus Terminus is the Largest Bus Stand In Asia, CMBT ( Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus )
      National Highways in Tamil Nadu
      Tamil Nadu has 24 National Highways. 12 National Highways within Tamilnadu (4873 KM as on 31st March 2010)
    • 4 National Highways share with Kerala (NH 47, NH 49, NH 208, NH 220)
    • 2 National Highways share with Andhra Pradesh ( NH 205, NH 219 )
    • 3 National Highways share with Karnataka ( NH 67, NH 207, NH 209 )
    • 3 National Highways share with Multiple State ( NH 4, NH 5, NH 7)
      List of National Highways in Tamil Nadu
    Sl.No.
    NH No.
    NH Route
    Distance
    (in KM)
    1
    NH 7A
    Palayamkottai to Tuticorine
    51
    2
    NH 45
    Chennai to Theni
    550
    3
    NH 45A
    Villupuram to Nagapattinam
    147
    4
    NH 45 B
    Tiruchi to Tuticorine
    257
    5
    NH 45 C
    Thanjavur to Vikravandi
    159
    6
    NH 46
    Krishnagiri to Ranipet
    148
    7
    NH 47 B
    Nagarkoil to Kavalkinaru
    45
    8
    NH 66
    Krishnagiri to Pondicherry
    208
    9
    NH 68
    Salem to Ulundurpettai
    134
    10
    NH 210
    Tiruchi to Ramanathapuram
    160
    11
    NH 226
    Perambalur to Manamadurai
    241
    12
    NH 227
    Tiruchi to Chidambaram
    135
    • Highways Department (HD) was Establish in Tamil Nadu April 1946.
    • 30th October 2008 name was change Highways and Minor Ports Department(HMPD)
    • HMPD is responsible for National Highways, State Highways, Some District Roads.
    • HMPD in Tamil Nadu runs Seven Divisions they are
      1. Construction and Maintenance Wing 2. Investigation and Design Wing 3.Metro Wing 4.NABARD and Rural Roads Wing 5.National Highway Wing, 6. Project Wing and
      7. Tamil Nadu Road Sector Project Wing
    • Tamil Nadu Road Sector Project Wing Imporve the Tamil nadu Roads get Finance from World Bank.
    • Tamil Nadu State Highways divided in Seven Circles they are 1.Chennai 2. Coimbatore 3.Madurai 4.Salem 5.Thirunelveli 6. Tiruchi 7. Villupuram
    • Tamil Nadu State Highways Distance as on 31st March 2010 – 9384 KM
    • NABARD National Bank For Agriculture and Rural Development
    • NABARD Bank Established in 12th July 1982, Headquarters in Mumbai.

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