TNPSC Group 4 Zoology Notes 1

VITAMINS :-

Vitamins are Organic Components in Food. Vitamins are need in very small amounts for Growth and For Maintaining of Good Health.
Vitamin are Two Type they are Fat Soluble and Water Soluble.
Fat Soluble are Vitamins A,D,E and K
Water Soluble are Vitamin B-complex and Vitamin C

SOME DISEASES CAUSED BY VITAMIN DEFICIENCY

Sl.
No.
Vitamin
Other Name
Deficiency disease
Symptoms
1
Vitamin A
Beta Carotene (or) Retinol
Nyctalopia
Night blindness
2
Vitamin D
Calciferols
Rickets and Osteoporosis
Defective calcification of bones
3
Vitamin E
Tocopherols
Sterility, Nerve Damage
Inability to reproduce
4
Vitamin K
Menadione (or)|Phylloquinone
Haemorrhage
Profuse loss of blood
5
Vitamin B1
Thiamin
Beri-Ber i
Nervous disorder
6
Vitamin B5
Pantothenic acid
Pellagra
Dementia, Dermatitis, Diarrhoea
7
Vitamin B12
Cobolamin
Pernicious anaemia
Destruction of RBC
8
Vitamin C
Ascorpic Acid
Scurvy
Bleeding gums and loosening of teeth

Nutritional Deficiency Disease :-

Protein Deficiency cause Marasmus and Kwashiorkar
Marasmus : Child Lose of Weight and Suffer diarrhoea
Kwashiorkar : Child develops Enlarge belly

Minerals Deficiency Disease :-

Sl.No.
Minerals
Deficiency disease
Symptoms
1
Calcium Bone and Tooth decay Weak Bone, Tooth decay
2
Iodine Goiter Glands in the neck appear Swollen,Thyroid Gland not function Properly
3
Iron Anemia Weakness
4
Phosphorous Bones weak and brittle Improper Function of Heart and Muscles


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